If your doctor has told you that you need an endometrial biopsy, you may be wondering what to expect. Although a biopsy may sound daunting, an endometrial biopsy is not a complex procedure and can be carried out relatively quickly. Here is a closer look at how you can prepare for your appointment.
What Is An Endometrial Biopsy?
An endometrial biopsy is a procedure in which your physician will take a small sample of your uterine lining – the endometrium – to collect cells for close examination under a microscope to determine if there are any problems.
Your doctor may order an endometrial biopsy if you have abnormal uterine bleeding or post-menopausal bleeding as it will allow them to get a closer look at cells from your endometrium to determine if there are any signs of health issues. Some of the information that may be gleaned from this test are hormonal changes, abnormal tissues like fibroids or polyps, or signs of uterine cancer.
Preparing For An Endometrial Biopsy
Here is a look at some ways you can prepare for this procedure.
Talk To Your Doctor
One of the most important things you can do to prepare for the procedure is to talk to your doctor and provide them with as much information as possible. You should discuss your medical history with your gynecologist and inform them of any medications you are taking.
It is also important to inform them if you are pregnant or suspect that you may be as an endometrial biopsy cannot be performed if you are pregnant due to the risk of miscarriage.
You should also tell your doctor about any allergies you have, particularly to iodine, anesthesia, latex, or medications.
The Day Of The Procedure
You should wear comfortable clothes to your appointment; avoid wearing anything that is too tight. Be prepared to provide a urine sample for a pregnancy test and have your blood pressure checked before the procedure gets underway. Although you may be nervous, it is important to eat something before your appointment to avoid feeling faint during the process.
Understanding The Procedure
Knowing what to expect during the procedure can help put your mind at ease in the days leading up to your appointment. Your biopsy may take place in your doctor’s office or a hospital.
You will be asked to empty your bladder completely, undress, and wear a hospital gown. You will then be instructed to lie down on an exam table and put your feet up, much like you would for a typical pelvic exam. The doctor will insert a speculum into your vagina to allow for a better view of your cervix.
Next, a spray or in an injection may be used to numb the area to help reduce any pain or discomfort that the procedure may cause. A thin tube will then be placed inside to collect a small sample from your uterine lining. This may cause you a small amount of pain, but your doctor will let you know when they are about to perform this step.
The physician will then remove the speculum and send the sample to a lab for further study. You will be instructed to rest for a few minutes before going home.
The entire procedure should take no longer than 5 minutes, and you should be able to return to your daily activities right away. However, you may be advised to avoid excessive physical exertion in the days following the biopsy. Your doctor will give you further instructions on what you can and cannot do after the procedure.
If you are sedated for the procedure, it is a good idea to ask someone else to take you home. Minor bleeding following the procedure is not uncommon. A sanitary pad can be used to absorb the bleeding, but you should avoid using tampons, douching, or having sexual intercourse for a few days.
Side Effects and Risks
It is normal to experience minor pain during the procedure and light bleeding afterward. However, if you experience one of the following uncommon symptoms, you need to see your doctor to rule out an infection or other problem.
- Fever and chills
- An unusually heavy period
- Excessive bleeding
- Foul-smelling vaginal discharge
Strong lower abdominal pain
Reach Out To Raleigh Gynecology And Wellness> About A Endometrial Biopsy
If you have any concerns about an upcoming endometrial biopsy, reach out to the highly experienced staff at Raleigh Gynecology & Wellness for more information or to book your procedure.